Feeders are excellent ways to attract hummingbirds. Hummingbirds feed by sight on regularly traveled routes. Their inquisitive nature though will quickly lead them to investigate any possible new source of food
Primary food source is nectar, but they also will consume tree sap, flower pollen, and a variety of insects including spiders, beetles, flies, gnats, mosquitoes, weevil, and aphids.
A hummingbird can fly forward, backward, upside-down, and at speeds up to 35-60 miles per hour!
They only have 1 wing joint (most birds have 3 wing joints), similar to insects
Hummingbirds consume calories at a rate of 50 times greater than humans
Males have a red patch on their throat called a gorget (gor-jet), which is a protective coloring to blend in with the flowers as predators watch from below.
Females build the nest (the size of a half-dollar) out of moss, lichen and spider webs, incubate the eggs (clutch size is usually two), feed and rear their young (20-40 days), and are unaided by the males.
Hummingbirds have the shortest incubation period of any bird. Only 8-15 days!